I have had strong concerns for some time now that ADHD is being over-diagnosed and that we are too quick to medicate children whom we believe have this condition. Before we rush off to treat the ADHD child, let’s consider a few points:
- A study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (one of the largest long-term analysis of preschoolers with ADHD) concluded that there may be little benefit in drug therapy for young children with ADHD.
- Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies published a study demonstrating that children suffering from ADHD may actually benefit from healthy lifestyle options as first-line treatment.
- Journal of Personality and Social Psychology suggests that there is a strong link between ADHD and creativity.
To extrapolate further on that last point… there is a very interesting article – ADHD And Creativity: New Research Says ADHD Is Being Mistreated In Schools – which highlights some significant factors that we should be aware of:
- many of the traits found overlapped significantly with clinical descriptions of ADHD, including the fact that those who are highly creative and those who have ADHD both exhibit such habits as high levels of spontaneous generation of ideas, a tendency to day dream, sensation seeking, and impulsivity
- both creative thinkers and people with ADHD have trouble “suppressing brain activity coming from the ‘Imagination Network.’
There are pertinent educational implications for handling children who have ADHD as if they have an educational disability.
Research shows that kids with ADHD score lower on tests that involve working memory, which is the “ability to control attention and hold multiple streams of information in mind at once.” But tests that assess and measure creativity — which many children with ADHD excel at — are notably absent from testing for gifted programs. – Inquisitr
Whenever I think about ADHD and how we treat children with this condition, I am reminded of the story of Gillian Lynne that I first heard about from a TED Talk by Sir Ken Robinson. The story has been animated below by Igloo Animations:
You can also read the story from Sir Ken Robinson’s book – The Element. Here is the excerpt:
Gillian was only eight years old, but her future was already at risk. Her schoolwork was a disaster, at least as far as her teachers were concerned. She turned in assignments late, her handwriting was terrible, and she tested poorly. Not only that, she was a disruption to the entire class, one minute fidgeting noisily, the next staring out the window, forcing the teacher to stop the class to pull Gillian’s attention back, and the next doing something to disturb the other children around her. Gillian wasn’t particularly concerned about any of this — she was used to being corrected by authority figures and really didn’t see herself as a difficult child — but the school was very concerned. This came to a head when the school wrote to her parents.
The school thought that Gillian had a learning disorder of some sort and that it might be more appropriate for her to be in a school for children with special needs. All of this took place in the 1930s. I think now they’d say she had attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and they’d put her on Ritalin or something similar. But the ADHD epidemic hadn’t been invented at the time. It wasn’t an available condition. People didn’t know they could have that and had to get by without it.
Gillian’s parents received the letter from the school with great concern and sprang to action. Gillian’s mother put her daughter in her best dress and shoes, tied her hair in ponytails, and took her to a psychologist for assessment, fearing the worst. Gillian told me that she remembers being invited into a large oak-paneled room with leather-bound books on the shelves. Standing in the room next to a large desk was an imposing man in a tweed jacket. He took Gillian to the far end of the room and sat her down on a huge leather sofa. Gillian’s feet didn’t quite touch the floor, and the setting made her wary. Nervous about the impression she would make, she sat on her hands so that she wouldn’t fidget.
The psychologist went back to his desk, and for the next twenty minutes, he asked Gillian’s mother about the difficulties Gillian was having at school and the problems the school said she was causing. While he didn’t direct any of his question at Gillian, he watched her carefully the entire time. This made Gillian extremely uneasy and confused. Even at this tender age, she knew that this man would have a significant role in her life. She knew what it meant to attend a “special school,” and she didn’t want anything to do with that. She genuinely didn’t feel that she had any real problems, but everyone else seemed to believe she did. Given the way her mother answered the questions, it was possible that even she felt this way.
Maybe, Gillian thought, they were right.
Eventually, Gillian’s mother and the psychologist stopped talking. The man rose from his desk, walked to the sofa, and sat next to the little girl.
“Gillian, you’ve been very patient, and I thank you for that,” he said. “But I’m afraid you’ll have to be patient for a little longer. I need to speak to your mother privately now. We’re going to go out of the room for a few minutes. Don’t worry; we won’t be very long.”
Gillian nodded apprehensively, and the two adults left her sitting there on her own. But as he was leaving the room, the psychologist leaned across his desk and turned on the radio.
As soon as they were in the corridor outside the room, the doctor said to Gillian’s mother, “Just stand here for a moment, and watch what she does.” There was a window into the room, and they stood to one side of it, where Gillian couldn’t see them. Nearly immediately, Gillian was on her feet, moving around the room to the music. The two adults stood watching quietly for a few minutes, transfixed by the girl’s grace. Anyone would have noticed there was something natural — even primal — about Gillian’s movements. Just as they would have surely caught the expression of utter pleasure on her face.
At last, the psychologist turned to Gillian’s mother and said, “You know, Mrs. Lynne, Gillian isn’t sick. She’s a dancer. Take her to a dance school.”
I asked Gillian what happened then. she said her mother did exactly what the psychiatrist suggested. “I can’t tell you how wonderful it was, ” she told me. “I walked into this room, and it was full of people like me. People who couldn’t sit still. People who had to move to think.“
She started going to the dance school every week, and she practiced at home every day. Eventually, she auditioned for the Royal Ballet School in London, and they accepted her. She went on to join the Royal Ballet Company itself, becoming a soloist and performing all over the world. When that part of her career ended, she formed her own musical theater company and produced a series of highly successful shows in London and New York. Eventually, she met Andrew Lloyd Webber and created with him some of the most successful musical theater productions in history, including Cats and The Phantom of the Opera.
Little Gillian, the girl with the high-risk future, became known to the world as Gillian Lynne, one of the most accomplished choreographers of our time, someone who has brought pleasure to millions and earned millions of dollars. This happened because someone looked deep into her eyes — someone who had seen children like her before and knew how to read the signs. Someone else might have put her on medication and told her to calm down. But Gillian wasn’t a problem child. She didn’t need to go away to a special school.
She just needed to be who she really was.
Instead of labelling our children with ADHD and viewing them as having a problem that must be medicated, perhaps we need to seriously reconsider the condition and examine other ways to handle it.